Herb - English Mace - Achillea ageratum

ENGLISH MACE

From the family Asteraceae. Native to Switzerland, English mace is now cultivated in northern temperate countries. This culinary herb is little known and under-used.

English mace belongs to the (genus) Achillea, named after Achilles, who is said to have discovered the medicinal properties of the genus. There is no direct historical record of English mace itself apart from the fact that it was discovered in Switzerland in 1798.

Species

Achillea ageratum

English Mace:

Hardy perennial. Ht. 12-18 in. when in flower. Spread 12 in. Clusters of small cream flowers that look very Victorian in summer. Leaves bright green, narrow and very deeply serrated. Zone 6.

Cultivation

Propagation

Cuttings:

This is the best method for the propagation of a large number of plants. Take softwood cuttings in late summer; protect from wilting as they will be very soft. Use a seed compost mixed in equal parts with composted fine bark. When well-rooted, harden off and plant out in the garden 12 in. apart.

Division:

If you require only a few plants it is best to propagate by division. Either divide the plant in early spring—it is one of the first to appear—or in the fall. Replant in the garden in a prepared site. As this is a hardy plant it will not need protection, but if you leave division until the frosts are imminent, winter the divided plants in a cold frame or cold greenhouse.

Pests and Diseases

Mace, in most cases, is free from pests and diseases.

Maintenance

Spring Divide established plants. Summer Cut back flowers. Take softwood cuttings. Fall Divide established plants if needed. Winter does not need protection.

Garden Cultivation

English Mace spring growthThis fully hardy plant, which even flourishes on my heavy soil, prefers a sunny, well-drained site. It starts the season off as a cluster of low-growing, deeply serrated leaves and then develops long, flowering stems in summer. Cut back after flowering for a fresh supply of leaves and to encourage a second flowering crop. When in flower this plant may need staking in a windy, exposed site.

 

 

 

Harvesting

Cut fresh leaves when you wish. For freezing-the best method of preserving—cut before flowering and freeze in small containers.

Pick the flowers during the summer. Collect in small bunches and hang upside down to dry. Both flowers and leaves dry particularly well.

Container growing

For a tall flowering plant this looks most attractive in a terracotta pot. Make sure it has a wide base to allow for its height later in the season. Use a soil-based compost mixed in equal parts with composted fine bark. Water regularly throughout the growing season and give a liquid feed (according to manufacturer’s instructions) in the summer months during flowering. Cut back after flowering to stop the plant from toppling over and encourage new growth. As this plant dies back in winter, allow the compost to become nearly dry, and winter the container in a cold greenhouse or cold frame.

Culinary

The chopped leaves can be used to stuff chicken, flavor soups, stews, and to sprinkle on potato salads, rice and pasta dishes. The leaf has a mild, warm, aromatic flavor and combines well with other herbs.

Chicken with English Mace in Foil

  • 4 chicken breasts
  • 2 tablespoons yogurt
  •  2 tablespoons Dijon mustard
  •  2 tablespoons Dijon mustard
  • Salt and fresh ground black pepper

Bouquet garni herb oil (or olive oil)

  •  6 tablespoons of chopped English mace leaves
  • Juice of 1 lemon

Preheat oven to 375°F/ 190°C Mix the yogurt and mustard together and coat the chicken pieces on all sides. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Cut 4 pieces of foil and brush with herb or olive oil. Lay the chicken breasts in the foil and scatter a thick layer of English mace on each piece. Sprinkle with lemon juice. Wrap in the toil, folding the ends very tightly so no juices can escape. Lay the packets on a rack in the oven, cook for 30 minutes. Serve with rice and a green salad.

 

Other uses

Flowers in dried flower arrangements.